GREGORY VII


GREGORY VII
, HILDEBRAND
   born in Tuscany; bred up as a monk in a life of severe austerity, he became sensible of the formidable evils tending to the corruption of the clergy, due to their dependence on the Emperor for investiture into their benefices, and he set himself with all his might to denounce the usurpation and prohibit the practice, to the extent of one day ex-communicating certain bishop who had submitted to the royal claim and those who had invested them; his conduct roused the Emperor, Henry IV., who went the length of deposing him, upon which the Pope retaliated with a threat of excommunication; it ended in the final submission of Henry at CANOSSA (q.v.); the terms of submission imposed were intolerable, and Henry broke them, elected a Pope of his own, entered Rome, was crowned by him, and besieged Gregory in San Angelo, from which Guiscard delivered him to retire to Salerno, where he died, 1035; he was a great man and a good Pope.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Gregory VII —    Reformist pope (q.v.) from 1073 1085 whose vision of the papacy (q.v.) included a great army to save Byzantium from the Seljuks (qq.v.) ; this vision was later realized by Urban II (q.v.) in the First Crusade (q.v.). Gregory VII s vision of a… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Gregory VII — noun the Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020 1085) • Syn: ↑Gregory, ↑Hildebrand • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gregory VII — Saint (Hildebrand) c1020 85, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1073 85. * * * …   Universalium

  • GREGORY VII — (1021 1085)    a dynamic POPE, also known as HILDEBRAND, he was responsible for many REFORMS in the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH and for his insistence on the separation of the Church from the power of SECULAR authorities …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • Gregory VII,Saint — Gregory VII, Saint Originally Hil·de·brand (hĭlʹdə brănd ) 1020? 1085. Pope (1073 1085) who sought to establish the supremacy of the pope within the Church and the authority of the Church over the state. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gregory VII, Pope Saint — • Also known as Hildebrand: one of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times. He died in 1085. Biographical article Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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